consisted of vertical wood peels connected and supported by other horizontal ones.
Then other plant materials were used.
(leaves of palms, bamboo and so on). Later the parchment appears. With the appearance of the remaining materials the binding was done in the form of a cylinder.
and bodies of manuscripts begin to appear in today’s form (pages joined to one side).
is placed somewhere between the second and fourth centuries AD, but the oldest specimen that exists dates back to around the 4th century AD.
was mainly the “dressing” of the book with a thin plank which, in turn, was covered with materials such as leather, silk, velvet and various ornaments made of precious gems and precious metals.
Around the 1st century, after the emergence of Typography in Europe, the book begins to take its present shape (rectangular shape in proportions of the golden incision).
can give us a printed diptych, triptych,fold, etc.
which consists of several sheets of paper, these should be “tied” together in such a way as to create a single form.
The procedure by which printed pages or printing sheets are folded
are made up and tied with the use of a cover or not, to create a single form e.g. Book, Quadrant, Block, etc. is The Bookbinding.
we refer to the production process, in which, several tasks take part (such as folding, composition, sewing, sticking, shaving, blanketing, lamining, etc.) to create a single form.