Gutenberg used components of the press…

Prints. … Winemakers and the mechanical layout of the booklets of the time, such as frames and crank. It made several modifications to them for the reception of the printing plate and gave instructions for its construction. Thus it reached the invention of the printing press, which gave, for the first time, the possibility of printing the paper from both sides (two-sided printing).

In the press there was a fixed level,

on which the printing plate-form was applied. She accepted ink in a thin and uniform layer, with special tampons (thick fabric or skin soaked in ink) of leather. On it were placed the sheet of paper or parchment that was to accept the ink, and on top of it a few more sheets, for the correct distribution of pressure. An axle in the form of a screw (helical screw) ended up on a wooden plate, which put pressure on the auxiliary papers and the printing substrate, which was converted into a copy. The pressure was applied by rotating a rod, which was adjusted to the central axis of the press and was empirically controlled. As a result, the quality of the data capture is not always the same.

Characteristics of the Gutenberg press

was the ability to move the typographic form horizontally on the fixed surface on which it was placed. The movement was achieved by using runners under the mold, on the fixed surface of the press. With this mechanism, the mold was pushed under the pressure plate, moving in a vertical direction and pulled out of it to be inked.